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© Copyright Jo Golesworthy
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Jo Golesworthy Sculpture

Pollen Grains

By reproducing pollen forms in an architectural material I attempt to illustrate a botanic world, ubiquitous yet invisible to the naked eye.

The sculpture is hand-built in a limestone compound, which may stand out of doors slowly growing a botanic patina of its own. They can also be cleaned or limewashed if required.

Featured botanical prints by William Baxter, Elizabeth Blackwell, William Curtis, Robert Hogg,

John Hermann Knoop, Charles Frederick Millspaugh, James Sowerby.


Alnus glutinosa

A tree of wet habitat. Abundant pollen is produced on catkins in early spring.


Prunus dulcis

Truck loads of honey bee colonies are transported on an industrial scale to pollinate the vast Californian crop.

Bell heather

Erica cinerea

Common plant of heath and moorland. Thriving in poor, acid soil.


Betula pendula

The Silver Birch is wind-pollinated. 'most beautiful of forest trees, the Lady of the Woods'. - Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Biting stonecrop

Sedum acre

Found on stone walls, shingles and dunes.

Burnet rose

Rosa pimpinellifolia

Densely prickled stems and black fruits. Found on downs and dunes especially near the sea.

Mallow (common)

Malva sylvestris

Plant of wayside and wasteground. Also known as 'Billy Buttons' owing to the shape of the fruits.

Milkwort (common)

Polygala vulgaris

Found on heaths, dunes and grassland. In times past an infusion of milkwort was believed to increase milkflow in nursing mothers.


Bellis perennis

English name derived from 'day's eye'.


Taraxacum officinale

Diuretic. hence its name, 'Pissenlit'. Flowers April-May. Roots used as a coffee substitute in wartime. Each flower head contains up to 200 florets.


Vitis vinifera

Wind-pollinated and assisted by man in viticulture.

Great mullein

Verbascum thapsus

Also known as Aaron's Rod and regionally as Candlewick Plant.


Geranium robertianum

Known in some parts of the British Isles as 'Stinking Bob'.


Ilex aquifolium

Plants either male or female.


Lavandula vera

Good source of nectar.


Zea mays



Acacia binervia

Native of Australia. A heavy pollen. Good source of food for honey bees.

Passion flower

Passiflora caerulea

Stigmas and antlers are adapted to aid pollination by insects.

Pussy willow

Salix caprea

Native to Europe. Catkins open on bare twigs in March and April.

Red campion

Silene dioica

Common hedgerow flower. Each plant has flowers of one sex only. Can hybridise and back cross presenting shades of pink.

Sea holly

Eryngium maritimum

Now more likely to be found in gardens than on the beach. Attractive to bees.

Sheep’s bit

Jasione montana

Found on rough, lime-free pasture, heaths and cliffs.


Stellaria holostea

Flimsy Greater stitchwort is common in hedgerows and woods throughout Britain.

Whorl flower

Morina longifolia

Native of the Himalayas. Releases a subtle citrus perfume when brushed.

Wild carrot

Daucus carota

Often found near the sea. Ancestor of the garden carrot.

Wild strawberry

Fragaria vesca

Found in woods and hedges, especially on chalk.

Yellow horned-poppy

Glaucium flavum

Prefers shingle banks on the coast.

Scots pine

Pinus silvestris

A single pine tree can produce millions of pollen grains, each with a pair of airsacks to increase to the chances of wind-pollination.


Rubus fructicosus

Producing the familiar blackberries of late summer and a haven for many species of wildlife.


Stellaria media

Small, widespread and prolific. Relished by free range poultry, hence its name.

Creeping thistle

Cirsium arvense

An abundant and troublesome weed, but attractive to butterflies. Reproduces both by wind-borne fluffy seed and a creeping root system.

Fairy flax

Linum catharticum

A member of the flax family. Once used as a violent purgative.

Field madder

Sherardia arvensis

A sprawling weed of arable and waste ground. A relative of Rubia tinctorum, both once used to obtain red dye.


Lapsana communis

Found on roadsides and waste ground. Diminutive nipple-like buds which only open on sunny mornings.

Rosebay willowherb

Epilobium angustifolium

Also known as 'fireweed', it thrives on disturbed or burnt ground and quickly colonized bomb sites of World War 2.


Dipsacus fullonum

A tall, upright plant of rough, damp pasture and wayside. A variety with tiny hooks on the tips of its prickly seedhead, used to tease the nap on velour and cashmere.


Prunus spinosa

One of the first hedgerow plants to flower with masses of tiny white blossoms appearing before the leaves. The blue-black fruits develop in late summer.


Agrostemma githago

Now rare, the reddish-mauve flowers were once common in cornfields.


Hedera helix

Ubiquitous evergreen climbing plant. The greenish yellow flowers produce an abundant source of nectar and pollen in late summer.